Tips for maintaining good oral hygiene

Oral hygiene banners with cute tooth. Vector illustration.

It is so important to look after your teeth and gums and prevent an overproduction of microbes that can cause tooth decay and cavities or even tooth loss. Periodontal diseases of the gums are very common, gingivitis is one of the gum diseases in which the inflammation of the gums by a type of bacteria can cause redness and bleeding. Gingivitis commonly occurs due to lack of oral hygiene, simply by brushing daily, flossing and cleaning by a dentist can prevent gingivitis. Periodontitis gum disease affects the bone of the teeth and supporting tissues causing inflammation.

Periodontitis can lead to loosening and removal of teeth, it is a generally silent disease and gum bleeding can be the only sign or indication, the eventual tooth loss is irreversible. Excessive bacterial plaque over the teeth and the gums can develop into gingivitis, gingivitis is widespread and is very common in children. Smoking or having diabetes puts someone at risk of developing periodontal disease of the gums. Poor diet and stress are linked to periodontal disease. Periodontal disease should be controlled, it is frequently being linked to cardiovascular diseases.

Therefore, maintaining good oral hygiene is very important and it involves cleaning the teeth, reducing stress and having good quality food. Plaque control is very important, there are millions of bacteria on our teeth 24 hours and in order to control the population we must brush our teeth twice a day. Parents should start cleaning teeth of their kids at age 2 with a pea sized amount of tooth paste. Flossing can be done and mouth rinses are used to remove or dislodge plaque. If tartar develops on the teeth it can only be removed by a professional dentist and cannot be removed by brushing only.

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If you have done your cleaning regimen right, you can move on to the right foods for oral health, sugary foods and sodas cause the mouth bacteria to produce acids that can cause tooth decay. Therefore, it is recommended to consume as less sugary foods as possible, especially refined sugars. Eat foods rich in calcium and vitamin D; milk, cheese, eggs, fish are vitamin d rich foods The lactose sugar in dairy doesn’t harm your teeth. Apples, celery, carrots, and foods that have antimicrobial properties are very good for your teeth.

Raw onions, turmeric, cloves, nuts like cashews, and drinking more water can help in removing bacteria from the mouth cavity. The traditional technique of “oil pulling” using extra virgin coconut or olive oil is effective in removing plaque causing bacteria.